Jean-Francois Lyotard suggests we all located in circuits of communication; we all occupy ‘nodal points’ to which messages are transmitted, and from which we re-transmit them. Interference with the message, however slight, changes the content, or the place of the addressee and has the capacity to alter in the process the power relations it was designed to reaffirm.
Catherine Belsey: Poststructuralism: A very short introduction p.98
‘Look Up’ – A spoken word film for an online generation.
TASK: Watch this short clip below and make a note of at least 5 useful statistics in your book that you find interesting or revealing.
“If we are not serious about facts and what’s true and what’s not — and particularly in an age of social media where so many people are getting their information in soundbites and snippets off their phones — if we can’t discriminate between serious arguments and propaganda, then we have problems.”
Look at the 5 different perspectives set out at the end of the ppt.
Research around these people and their ideas.
Make notes in you book.
Look at this video ‘Don’t be fooled by fake news’but then compare such ideas on the manipulation of new media with the recognised theory that traditional media has always been a source of ‘manufacturing consent’
Follow the link above and listen to this Radio 4 documentary and answer the questions below. If the link is broken go to Depts\Media\Students\Year 13\Critical Perspectives\Question 2 and click on the audio file Brave New Worlds.
Journalist and broadcaster Steve Richards presents a three part series examining the News. From bulletins to rolling news and citizen journalism – what News was, what it is now and what it will become.
What makes something News and something else not? Is the News a public service, a cycle, an entertainment built on sensation, a constant rush of ‘breaking’ news or a form of national communion and shared belonging? Driven by changes in technology and in news culture itself, and as the news cycle becomes ever faster, the question of what News is also concerns how we consume it and who ‘we’ are becoming as a result.
The series talks to reporters, journalists, editors, news producers and experts including Jon Snow, Alistair Campbell, Adam Boulton, editors Sarah Sands and Ceri Thomas, Paul Staines (aka Guido Fawkes), Ed Stourton and psychotherapist Adam Phillips.
Episode 3 (of 3): Brave New Worlds
Steve Richards looks beyond the official news cycle to explore what news might become as informal outlets continue to multiply, digitally and online, and as revolutions in technology underwrite the very content of news: the rise of the citizen journalist, the phenomenon of pre-emptive news and the relatively new psychic disorder of news ‘addiction’.
Produced by Simon Hollis
A Brook Lapping production for BBC Radio 4.
QUESTIONS (no. 7 is the most important and will help you develop a good answer to the exam question)
What do you think top/down news reporting is / (was)?
What do you think the term ‘technological determinism‘ means?
Who is Charlie Becket? What features characterise news as a service industry?
Who is Jon Snow? Why does he think this is the Golden Age for new journalists?
How important is Twitter for the news? Give examples and use key language and terminology.
How are politicians using new media to promote thier own interests, ideas and policies
How does Twitter empower ordinary people and as such disempower traditional media institutions? What are the consequences of this change.
Define the terms: ‘ democracy of news’ & ‘citizen journalist’.
What will be lost in this new era of news gathering?
Now look at the post below which is a Ted Lecture from Paul Lewis which will provide you with two case studies, which you can use for your exam preparation / exam essay and help you to understand the concepts of ‘crowd sourcing’ & ‘citizen journalism’.