Today I was shadowing India Camm the programme this is the position I thought I would enjoy most because it involves planning as well as creating. However after working with India I have seen that the Programme editor has to be in charge of most of the people in the office and therefore has to be on the ball 24/7 which means it is much harder than i expected. India is in charge of broadcast preparation and production.
Broadcast preparation involves making sure the stories which have been planned for that day are assigned to a reporter who can execute the work the best. This is all decided at the morning meeting where it is made sure the reporters know the stories they are reporting on. I-News in the program where the template of the evenings stories are set out. Each story has a code and can be opened out like a spreadsheet to see if any information of the story has been added. Each Story is assigned an amount of time so that the programme fits half an hour however if the reporters could ask for more time on their package and therefore time has to be taken from other places in the programme so that it still fits.
Floating time is time in the programme that is not being used so it is spare. for the evening programme floating time can be up to a minute. This allows the reporters to talk naturally to each other and move slightly away from the prompter so it seems more natural. Channel TV has also recently got a satellite truck which means they can do live broadcasts. when there is a live broadcast the floating time is important because if the live runs over they need the spare time. If the floating time is not enough India’s job is to edit the programme as it is happening. This could mean cutting an interview short or editing the prompter.
It is also important for India to ensure that the programme is going to be completed on time. This means being in constant communication with the reporters and editors to make sure they are back in time. One the package is in the programme it appears as online which means it has been edited and inputted and is ready to be shown. Most of the reporters write there own words for the story however it is India’s job to make it all sound like the same creative voice which gives the programme continuity.
This week I was shadowing the technical crew. I have been really looking forward to seeing the technical side of Channel because it is the area I know least about and therefore I was looking forward to learning all about it.
When I arrived, the technical team were preparing for the lunchtime show. The technical hub is called traffic. Traffic consists of making sure the video footage from the reporters is put into the system. Each computer has a card reader which inputs the video footage. The video is then given a code which mirrors the one of the I-News system. Once the video has been given a code it is then available for the Editors to access the footage.
It was interesting to here that although there are camera men, most of the reporters are trained to use a camera and to edit there own work which means they are able to self shoot. This means more stories can be made with and with less staff.
Traffic also deals with the Archive footage that Channel TV has stored. If there is a package that needs archive footage than it can be found and inputted into the system. A lot f the footage is on video tapes. This means that they have to be inputted into the video player and then converted to a DVD so that it can be easily read by the computer. Archive footage is often used in packages to make them more interesting for example some previous video footage of the chritmas parade would be more interesting in a Christmas lights story than someone putting up the lights. Or if the reporter doesn’t have enough footage to fill the package previously filmed sweeping shots can be used to fill the time.
Traffic also makes sure the weather goes out because it follows the national news update. The weather is previously recorded and then edited so the graphics match the weather. Today the Sophie did not have time to record the weather and therefore the weather was recorded in London. It was then sent over from the Millbank station to the Channel Islands station so that they could use it. The weather had to be recorded earlier to guarantee it would arrive on time and that the settings would play.
We then went into the studio to set it up for the programme. All of the monitors had to be turned on so that they showed the background. The background was filmed as a panoramic shot of the harbour that had been filmed on a HD camera so that the background gave the illusion of a window. We then went into the gallery however this week I went into the sound booth. It is important that the sound levels remain at zero throughout the programme which is the optimum level. The reporter gives a sound level so this can be adjusted as well. I enjoyed being in the sound booth as it was a more interactive experience than sitting in the gallery as the sound has to be constantly adjusted throughout the programme.
This week was the Jersey Skills Show and I was there as a representative of the Jersey Evening Post. I had a task from the JEP that the students could do if they were interested in journalism. The task was to write about something interesting that had happened to them this year in no more than 250 words and send it into the JEP and then the best one will be chosen, the winner then gets to come to the JEP and see how everything works.
Not many children came to the stand at first because they wanted to go to the stands that were handing out free stuff, but the children that did come seemed very interested in the task and wanted to know more about my placement at the JEP and it was nice talking to to them.
This week I was able to write piece about different people’s style and where they get their inspiration, I had to get pictures of six different people and ask the questions about who inspires their look and why they dress the way they dress. I decided to use people from school and write an article about teenagers and finding their own individual style while still at school where there is a dress code. Ramsay and Anthony helped me put it together, they also took my picture in case they publish it, but I don’t know if it will actually be in the JEP.
I was also asked to put together a commentary article about how women are now buying more trainers than high heels and what I think about and why I think that that has happened. By doing this I was able to learn different type of writing techniques as what I was writing was a commentary which, is my ideas about something. Which is different from a news article which is factual.
I was also given a task to write an article about finding an alternative to tacky Christmas jumpers. I would have to go to town and find more stylish substitutes to cheesy Christmas jumpers.
This week was also the week of the careers fair and the JEP provided a task for the kids there to do if they were interested in journalism. They would have to write about something that has happened to them this year and send it into the JEP and then the best one will be chosen.
This week I was working with Chris Hesketh who is a News Editor for Channel TV. Again when I arrived there was a planning meeting in progress. We discussed the prospects sheet which is put together everyday and contains a list of prospective stories. This is then given to Chris who is a news editor to gather information about the story to make it a package. There were also stories that had been continued and updated such as the Pride of Britain awards. The story had to be continuous without becoming tedious and so new information had to be gathered by Chris.
We then went over to Chris’s station. As there was no work that I could help with and all the reporters ha gone out I decided to ask him about his role. He told me that before he can begin his work a news gatherer has to find prospective stories that could be turned into a package. The gatherer uses a range of media to find news such as the Internet, Radio and newspaper. All of the different medias use each other to see what they are reporting on.
The news editor then has to find out what will be worth pursuing and find facts to complete the story. A running order is then put together with the completed stories. Every morning at 9am the news editor has a meeting with the reporters to make sure they understand the story and the order.
Whilst I was sat with Chris he was looking through the JEP to see what news could be reported on as well as looking through his emails. There is a special email that press releases and prospective stories are sent to.
I then went to see the Lunch time show in the gallery. This was a very different experience from last time when I watched the evening show. This time there were only three people in the gallery because full stories were not being reported on and because it wasn’t a full length programme. It was easier to see the individual jobs especially seeing more closely how the producer has to press the buttons to control the backgrounds and to cue the reporters so they are exactly on time.
I then went to sit with another news editor. She was finding quotes on the Channel TV Facebook page to use in the programme about the Ice rink because it had the most comments on the page. We found the quotes and then changed then copied them into the quote template that would show up on screen however we changed what the reporters would say on the autocue so that they weren’t just reading it word for word.
She was also writing the autocue for the introduction of the stories. These were only three lines each because they were to followed by a video which was the full story. She told me the language had to be formal because it was the news however it also had to be colloquial so it sounded conversational so the audience felt involved in the news. I found using the software extremely interesting because what we were typing were the exact words being used in the programme which I found really interesting because we were actually creating the programme rather than gathering information which is important but found it less interesting.
This week there was not as much for me to do because Chris had already fond most of the information that he needed however I found it interesting learning about his career.
Today I had a closer look at the ‘Foot’ collection by reading a newspaper supplement on his work and going through the old files of his pictures. I also did some more research about his family which featured in many of his images and used this information to update the records of his work on the archives database. I went through each of his images and noted any errors in the information or where information was left out (such as where it didn’t include the names of the family members shown in the pictures) before making these alterations on the system. This way I was able to familiarise myself with his photography and assist by updating the records of his work.
On Thursday I had my second day at the Photographic Archive. Firstly I went to the Framing Workshop to pick up the images which had been put in window mounts for the ‘Portraits of Childhood ‘ display. We were mostly preparing everything for the Jersey skills show today but Gareth also discussed with me a possible idea for a photography project. We talked about the photography of Francis Foot (born 1885) whose family ran two shops in Dumaresq Street and Pitt Street from where Francis worked as a photographer. They sold gramophones and the ‘HMV’ logo is still visible on the wall of Pitt street. Some of Foot’s work was published as postcards but many of his images feature portraits of his family.
Recently there has been concern about plans to demolish the Foot family’s old shop along with other historical buildings in Pitt Street and Dumaresq street. These are now owed by the Co-op who are planning significant developments in the Charing cross area. After a long running debate it has now been decided that these some of these buildings are being given to the National Trust who will be able to restore them. Some more information on this can be found on these ITV and Co-op news links.
I was intrigued by the idea that the photography of Francis Foot relates to a current issue and development. This might be worth exploring because it relates to my interest in local history as well as photography. We also spoke about the photography of Albert Foot because Gareth thought he may have been related to Francis. However we couldn’t find a connection but I was interested by the fact that Albert Foot was arrested during the occupation for his photography and would like to find out more about this. I am going to look into all of these ideas further and conduct some research to expand my understanding on it.
We also went up to Fort Regent to help set up the ‘Creative Pathways’ stand. We had banners to display as well as the boards showing the images for the Portraits of Childhood activity. We had printed worksheets about this as well to give out to the students which explains how the 18 portraits of children were taken in Jersey with one from every decade since the invention of photography. The task was to guess which decade each image was from and the worksheet explains that the answers are on the website to encourage them to look at it. There was also other information to give out for those who were interested such as the Société Jersiaise newsletter and information on the Autumn Lunchtime Talks.
On Friday students came to the skills show with their schools and I was there for the day helping with the Creative Pathways stand. On Saturday the show was open to the public and I was there for part of the morning. As well as the things from the Photographic Archive we had information from other places involved in the scheme such as the JEP and BBC. We also had some equipment from Hautlieu to let the students experiment with the cameras, sound recorders and Photoshop. Generally we provided information about how the Creative Pathways program connects school study with experience in professional creative organisations. Hopefully this provided information for those who might be interested in a creative career.
For my first week at the JEP, I got to look around the place and see what the different departments do and how everything works together. I went to the page designers to see how the paper is put together after the articles have been written. This was interesting because I was shown that they have set templates that they use for the paper because it has a certain look that the readers know and like. they also told me about they way that pull out sections of the paper were different and how they were designed differently to the paper itself.
I started planning for a article that I would write about different peoples fashion, where they shop and who inspires them. this is a very good opportunity for me as it will help me with my writing skills and learn how to write for publication, it was also good because it was my first day and I was able to get stuck in straight away.
I also got to look at a press release and re-work it into a news article. this was also very interesting to see how this process works by learning as I was doing it, also being able to do this on my first week was fun.
Today I started my work placement at Channel TV. This week I was shadowing Daniel Skipp who was working on the web for this week. The roles that the employees at Channel change regularly so each week they are assigned a new role.
When I first arrived their was a meeting being held and I was able to sit in on it before I started my work on the web. The meeting was to discuss what items could be used in the upcoming programmes. Because multiple “packages” are filmed in advance the best ones can be chosen or depending if there is limited new they can use one of the older packages. The meeting was interesting to see the planning side of the programme. The meeting took place in an open part of the office so it seemed more casual and easier to discuss ideas.
I then started working with Daniel. He was watching the live link to the States Chambers because they were voting on new bills. As soon as a bill was passed he made a post of the Channel TV Twitter or Facebook account. It was interesting seeing the way in which social media can be used to attract different audiences and to release breaking news without the programme being on air.
Daniel gave me two press releases to read. I then had to select the best parts which could become a post for the Channel TV website. It was great to have the opportunity to publish work on the website on the first week even if it was two short articles.
Once I had done those I had to research Gambling Addiction Help in the Channel Islands. This was because the main story of the day was about Gambling Addiction and how the states weren’t offering enough support. A corresponding article was posted on the website and the Help websites were posted on the bottom.
After lunch I was able to go out with Katie. We went to La Collette to film a piece about it being active for 50 years. Before we went to the Power station the cameraman wanted an establishing shot of the power station from above. We then went to the power station and interviewed men who had worked at the station when it first opened an the longest serving employee which was very enjoyable.
I stayed later so I could watch the programme from the gallery. This is where the director sits with the producer. They have to queue the presenters and change the script of the programme if they have more time. There is also a counter to make sure the presenters know how much time is left on each section so if there is floating time the director can tell the presenters to add lib.
We had to be in the gallery 45 minutes before the programme started to film a promo and to film the actual opening so it could be ran at exactly the right time. Seeing behind the scenes was extremely interesting. The director had to ensure the programme ran smoothly as it was all live. It was also interesting seeing the section I saw being filmed being shown on the programme. Most of the footage that was recorded didn’t make it into the programme it took two hours to film for a two minute segment. I hope in the coming weeks I can see how the turn the footage into a segment.